The Affordable Care Act sets a minimum medical loss ratio of 85 percent for health plans that participate in the large group market and 80 percent for the individual and small group market. Plans will have to get their administrative costs under control just to be able to keep premiums competitive, many experts believe.
“Most health insurers adjusted pricing to comply with this new requirement” in 2011, according to A.M. Best, the credit rating company. Still, while utilization was lower for the second straight year, overall earnings were affected by the medical loss ratio (MLR) requirements.
“Health insurers are contemplating strategies for the future, which include marketing to individuals, growth in Medicaid, and ways to streamline processes and lower administrative costs,” says the Best report “Health Insurers Adapting to a Changing Environment,” which uses data it has collected, as well as government numbers, to reach its conclusions. If a state has concerns about meeting the 80 percent MLR, it can request a waiver.
“To date, 17 states have filed for an adjustment,” says the Best report. Nine were denied and six were granted.
Minimum loss ratio waivers
*Maine must file additional data in 2012 to continue with adjustment in 2013
†Nevada applied for only a one-year adjustment for 2011
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The bigger picture shows that national health expenditures as a percentage of gross domestic product will continue to grow, “with a 20 percent increase in Medicaid expenditures projected in 2014.” The study says that health insurers and providers “have a renewed interest in cooperating and improved coordination of care. Both providers and insurers are studying and experimenting with payment methods that are based upon care management and outcomes.”
Medicare and Medicaid spending ($billions)
Source: “Health Insurers Adapting to a Changing Environment,” January 2012, A.M. Best
National health expenditures as percentage of GDP
Note: Data are reflected in five-year increments, and includes the year of the study (2011) and the year the ACA mandates take effect (2014).