Persistent nonmalignant pain, which affects 50 million Americans, is a major challenge facing American health care. Chronic pain, a primary reason individuals seek medical care, is a significant driver of direct and indirect costs, exceeding $100 billion annually. This supplement identifies opportunities for managed care medical directors to improve clinical and financial outcomes through pain management and presents an innovative quality-improvement initiative.
Persistent Nonmalignant Pain: Implications and Opportunities for Managed Care
Identifying Suboptimal Management of Persistent Pain From Integrated Claims Data: A Feasibility Study
Health Care Costs Associated With Suboptimal Management of Persistent Pain
Applying the PAIN Indicators in a Managed Care Setting To Improve Pain Management