HMO premiums are lower than indemnity costs because members tend to be healthier, says a study by the National Bureau of Economic Research.
The AMA says the average physician's income dropped in 1998, for the first time in five years, by $2,200.
A sustained HbA1c reduction in diabetic patients produces significant cost savings in just one to two years, according to the Journal of the American Medical Association.
What do members say makes for a good managed care plan? Access, physician communication, and customer service, according to a Commonwealth Fund survey.