The FDA has permitted marketing of the first mobile medical application to help treat substance use disorders (SUD). The Reset application (Pear Therapeutics) is intended to be used with outpatient therapy to treat alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, and stimulant SUDs. The application is not intended to be used to treat opioid dependence.
“This is an example of how innovative digital technologies can help provide patients access to additional tools during their treatment,” said Carlos Peña, PhD, MS, director of the Division of Neurological and Physical Medicine Devices in the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “More therapy tools means a greater potential to help improve outcomes, including abstinence, for patients with substance use disorder.”
According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, SUD occurs when an individual’s recurrent use of alcohol and/or drugs causes clinically and functionally significant impairment, such as health problems, disability, and failure to meet major responsibilities at work, school, or home. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, a diagnosis of substance use disorder is based on evidence of impaired control, social impairment, risky use, and pharmacological criteria.
The Reset device is a mobile medical application system containing a patient application and clinician dashboard. The device delivers cognitive behavioral therapy to patients to teach the user skills that aid in the treatment of SUD and are intended to increase abstinence from substance abuse and increase retention in outpatient therapy programs. The system is intended to be used in conjunction with outpatient therapy and in addition to a contingency management system, a widely used program for treating SUD that uses a series of incentives to reward patients for adherence to their treatment program.
The FDA reviewed data from a multisite, unblinded, 12-week clinical trial of 399 patients who received either standard treatment or standard treatment with the addition of a desktop-based version of Reset that could be accessed at the clinic or at home. The data showed a statistically significant increase in adherence to abstinence for the patients with alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, and stimulant SUD in those who used Reset (40.3%), compared with the patients who did not (17.6%). The clinical trial did not demonstrate the effectiveness of using the Reset device in patients reporting opioids as their substance of abuse.
The Reset device is indicated as a prescription-only adjunct treatment for patients with SUD who are not currently on opioid replacement therapy, who do not abuse alcohol solely, or whose primary substance of abuse is not opioids.
Data from the clinical studies did not indicate any side effects associated with the device. The adverse events evaluated were typical of patients with SUD, including cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal events, depression, mania, suicidal behavior, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts.
The Reset device was reviewed through the de novo pre-market review pathway, a regulatory pathway for some low- to moderate-risk devices that are novel and for which there is no legally marketed predicate device to which the device can claim substantial equivalence.
Source: FDA; September 14, 2017.