That criticized Sen. Jeff Sessions (RALA.) , the nominee for attorney general.Opposing Sessions's ill-fated nomination to a federal judgeship at 1986. King's letter Sessions of racial bias; Kennedy's called him a”disgrace into the Justice Department.”The mechanics used to quiet Warren is popularly referred to as Rule 19, an arcane and seldom invoked provision in the guidelines of the Senate.So what, exactly, does it mean for a single senator to”impugn” or”impute” yet another? That is clearly an issue of view, as congressional Democrats and other Warren defenders made clear if they float behind her on Twitter, launching the hashtag #LetLizSpeak to the surface of your website's trending list.1 thing is for sure, however: The circumstances surrounding Rule 1 9's creation had been quite diverse from Tuesday's market on the Senate floor.
Since its founding, the Senate has maintained an evolving list of rules regulating civility and decorum in the chamber. As president, Thomas Jefferson included 10 rules in his Manual of Parliamentary Practice which dictated how senators were to behave.
“No one is to disturb another in his speech from hissing, coughing, spitting, speaking or whispering into yet another,” reads one passage at the manual,”nor to endure up or interrupt him; nor to pass between the Speaker and the speaking penis; nor to go upon the chamber, or to walk along it, or to take books or papers out of the [clerk ] dining table, or even write there.”
The rules were published in 1801. The incident that paved the way for Principle 1 9 came more than a century after.
It had been February 1902 and a feud was escalating between the two Democratic senators in South Carolina.
Furious that McLaurin had been colluding with the opposite side of this aisle, Tillman used a Feb. 22, 1902, address on the Senate floor to harangue the younger senator. Gesturing toward McLaurin's empty seat, Tillman detained his counter part of treachery and corruption, saying he had succumbed to”improper influences,” according to some Senate history of this dispute.
When McLaurin captured wind of Tillman's remarks, he hurried in to the chamber and cried that Tillman was telling a”willful, malicious and deliberate lie”
A fistfight erupted. As Senate historians hailed”The 54-year-old Tillman jumped out of his place along with physically attacked McLaurin, who was 41, with a collection of stinging blows. Efforts to divide the two combatants led to jelqing punches landing on other members.”
When the fight ended, the Senate voted to censure both men. A panel found that their behaviour has been”a breach of the rights of the Senate, a breach of its rules and derogatory to its high character, tending to bring itself into people contempt.”
The episode prompted the senate to tighten its own rules governing decorum in floor debate. Rule 19 (sections 3 and 2, to be accurate ) was adopted later that season.
In the time since, the principle has rarely develop. 1 instance flagged by Bloomberg's Greg Giroux happened in 1979, when Sen. Lowell Weicker (R-Conn.) Called Sen. John Heinz (rpa.) “an idiot” and”devious” in an argument on the Senate floor. Heinz reportedly stormed to the front of the chamber with a rule book and showed him Rule 19. Va.) defused the problem and asked them to shake handson. Other examples are tough to find.
In Warren's case, Senate Republicans balked at her usage of the term”disgrace,” as mentioned by the Kennedy letter, with regard to Sessions. Nevertheless, it was her reading of this letter by King, the widow of Martin Luther King Jr., that Republicans cautioned her that she had been violating Rule 19.
Warren looked taken aback.
“I'm only reading what she wrote about what the nomination of Sessions to be a national court judge meant and what it'd mean in history for her,” Warren explained. The letter said Sessions”lacks the character, fairness and judgment for a national judge,” and accused him of following a”shabby” voter fraud case against African American activists if he was a prosecutor.
“You said a sitting senator is really a disgrace to the Department of Justice,” responded Sen. Steve Daines (R-Mont.) , who was presiding during the address.
About 25 minutes later, McConnell came in and said that her quotes from King grabbed the line. She was ordered to sit down.
“Sen. Warren was giving an extended speech. She'd appeared to violate the principle. She had been warned. She had been given an excuse,” McConnell said later. “Nevertheless, she awakened”
As the market spread on social networking, a few were quick to indicate that McConnell was recently the goal of a personalized attack on the Senate floor. In 2015,” Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Tex.) Accused him of lying to his colleagues and the media saying”he is ready to state things he knows are false.” There was no Rule 19 invocation then.
The vote against Warren means she'll be banned from speaking further in the ground debate over Sessions's nomination. But that didn't prevent her from reading the written text of King's correspondence and loading it live Tuesday night.
“I am astonished,” Warren said,”that the language of Coretta Scott King aren't suitable for disagreement in the United States Senate.”