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MANAGED CARE November 1998. ©1998 Stezzi Communications
NEWS AND COMMENTARY

How plans manage pharmacy costs

Multiple formulary controls are becoming more prevalent among HMOs as managed care organizations and purchasers look for ways to keep pharmacy expenses within budgets. Formulary control trends suggest that the uses of therapeutic interchange and variable copayments are HMOs' fastest-growing cost-control strategies.

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SOURCE: 1998 NOVARTIS PHARMACY BENEFIT REPORT