The percentage of heart failure–related deaths that occur in a hospital has been decreasing steadily — from 42.6% in 2000 to 30% in 2014, according to CDC researchers. The percentage of deaths attributed to heart failure in nursing homes or long-term care (LTC) facilities decreased from 30.1% in 2000 to 26.7% in 2014. Rates of heart failure–related death are now nearly the same across hospitals, nursing homes or LTC facilities, and at home.
Place of death from heart failure
Source: CDC, “Recent Trends in Heart Failure-Related Mortality: United States, 2000–2014,” December 2015
Though deaths from heart failure have been falling, there has been a recent uptick, according to the CDC. The age-adjusted rate in 2014 was 84 deaths per 100,000 Americans, up from 81.4 deaths per 100,000 in 2012.
The CDC researchers noted that the underlying cause of heart failure–related deaths for adults, ages 45 and older, has been shifting. In 2000, roughly a third of heart failure deaths were attributed to coronary heart disease. In 2014, it was closer to 1 in 5. Put another way, the proportion of heart failure deaths that have a cardiovascular cause other than coronary heart disease or a noncardiovascular cause (cancer or diabetes, for example) has been increasing.
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